AskDefine | Define pint

Dictionary Definition

pint

Noun

1 a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 gills or 568.26 cubic centimeters
2 a United States dry unit equal to 0.5 quart or 33.6 cubic inches [syn: dry pint]
3 a United States liquid unit equal to 16 fluid ounces; two pints equal one quart

User Contributed Dictionary

see Pint

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A unit of volume, equivalent to an eighth of a gallon or
  2. A pint of milk.
    Please leave three pints tomorrow, milkman
  3. A glass of beer, served by the pint.
    • 1998, Kirk Jones, Waking Ned, Tomboy films
      Finn: You must have a terrible thirst on you tonight. I've never seen a man drink two pints at the same time.

Translations

unit of volume for liquids
pint of milk
pint of beer
  • French: demi (this is half a litre, which is approximately a pint)

See also

Extensive Definition

The pint is an English unit of volume or capacity in the imperial system and United States customary units of very roughly half a litre.
As with other measurement units used in the imperial system and USA, the pint used to be a common measure throughout Europe (differing in exact value from country to country) but was replaced in most of Europe with the metric system during the nineteenth century.

Definitions

:The imperial pint is equal one eighth of an imperial gallon. It is used in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, though mostly replaced by metric units.
The United States wet pint is equal one eighth of a United States wet gallon. It is used commonly in the United States.
The United States dry pint is equal one eighth of a United States dry gallon. It is used in the United States but is not as common as the wet pint.
One metric pint (used informally) is equal to 500 ml.
There was a now-obsolete unit of measurement in Scotland known as the Scottish pint or joug and equal to three imperial pints. It remained in use until the 19th century, and survived significantly longer than most of the old Scottish measurements.

History

The pint is defined as one eighth of a gallon. Other versions of the gallon were defined for different commodities, and there were equally many versions of the pint.
America adopted the British wine gallon (defined in 1707 as 231 cubic inches) as its basic liquid measure, from which the U.S. wet pint is derived, and the British corn gallon (⅛ of a standard “Winchester” bushel of corn, or 268.8 cubic inches) as its dry measure, from which the US dry pint is derived.
In 1824 the British parliament replaced all its variant gallons with a new imperial gallon based on ten pounds of distilled water at 62 °F (277.42 cubic inches), from which the UK pint is derived.

Effects of metrication

As part of the metrication process, the pint in the UK, Kenya and Virgin Islands is now used only as a measure for beer and cider when sold by the glass (see pint glass) – in public houses for instance – and for milk, although milk is also sold in metric quantities. Many recipes published in the UK still provide ingredient quantities in imperial, where the pint is often used as a unit for larger liquid quantities. Most new recipes are now published in metric only with the pint being rounded to 500 or 600 ml.
Ireland has completed its metrication process and the pint is only used for serving beer and cider. Also, depending on the venue or vessel, "pint" can be either 500ml or 568ml.
In Australia and New Zealand, a subtle change was made in 1-pint milk bottles during the conversion from Imperial to metric in the 1970s. The height and diameter of the milk bottle remained unchanged, so that existing equipment for handling and storing such bottles was unaffected, but the shape was subtly adjusted to increase the capacity from 568 ml to 600 ml - a nice, round, metric measure. Such milk bottles are no longer officially referred to as pints. The pint glass in pubs in Australia (which is so called) remains closer to the standard Imperial pint, at 570 ml. A pint of beer in Australia or New Zealand is 570 ml, except in South Australia where a pint is 425 ml and 570 ml is called an imperial pint.
A 375 ml bottle of liquor in the US and the Canadian maritime provinces is sometimes referred to as a “pint”, hearkening back to the days when liquor came in actual US pints, quarts, and half-gallons.
In some regions of France, a standard 250 ml measure of beer is known as "a half", originally meaning a half pint.

Etymology

pint The French word pinte having the same roots is a false friend. In French Canada in particular, the pint is actually the chopine whilst the quart is the pinte. In France it's sometimes used to describe a 500 ml glass of beer. In Flanders, the word pint only refers to a 250 ml glass of lager. Some West- and East-Flemish dialects use it as a word for beaker.

References

pint in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Пінта
pint in Catalan: Pinta (unitat de volum)
pint in Czech: Pinta
pint in Danish: Pint
pint in German: Pinte
pint in Estonian: Pint
pint in Spanish: Pinta
pint in Esperanto: Pajnto
pint in French: Pinte
pint in Scottish Gaelic: Pinnt
pint in Korean: 파인트
pint in Italian: Pinta (unità di misura)
pint in Macedonian: Пинта
pint in Dutch: Pint (Imperial)
pint in Japanese: パイント
pint in Norwegian: Pint
pint in Polish: Półkwarta
pint in Portuguese: Pint
pint in Russian: Пинта
pint in Simple English: Pint
pint in Finnish: Pint
pint in Swedish: Pint
pint in Thai: ไพนต์
pint in Chinese: 品脫
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